"Gli Appennini sono per me un pezzo meraviglioso del creato. Alla grande pianura della regione padana segue una catena di monti che si eleva dal basso per chiudere verso sud il continente tra due mari (....) è un così bizzarro groviglio di pareti montuose a ridosso l'una dall'altra; spesso non si può nemmeno distinguere in che direzione scorre l'acqua."
J. W. Goethe, Viaggio in Italia (1786 - 1788)
The miller art was alwaysreally transmittedfrom generation to generation. The experience acquired after having helped long time an elder parent became like thisthe safely guarded in the able hands of the young miller.

The offtake channel maintenance, the sluice-gateefficiency, the cleaness of the showers and thedirect control of the working of the basin wheels are onlysome of the tiring works that he had to do.

The totality of the wooden structures and the wall handfacts were enterely built by the miller.
He was sided by the smith just only for what concerned the transmission shaft and some minor metallic particulars. The miller experienceroomed in a wide range.

He had to comprehend services a little aside from the proper milling activity.
He had to estimate how dry the cereals were, or quantify their production interms of flour.When the customers came to the mill with their modest charges of graminaceous plants or chestnut he started his specific job.
Heving completed, with sieves, the cleaning of theproduct to treat, he conceived the exact weight putting the matter on the right steelyard.

He ordered the cereals laying in a wide container that could host right to 20 Kg. From these hepoured into the hopper. And from this they fell in the understaying eyeof the superior millstone. The quantity was programmed by the miller, following his precise calculus,actioning a drawer that was fixed, through hinges, under the base of the hopper. A long stick vibrated for the movement of the millstone. A bell tossing, acustically warnedthe miller to refill again the hopper.

The inferior millstone was blocked, while the superior rotated. The millstones were very heavy andcould overpass the tonn.
There existed also inthe local community expert artisans in the field of the difficult production of the millstonesin the nearby town of Carpineta, others come from out of region.
This, of circular shape,presented engravements that started from the central pin then developed towards the sides ina circular , smooth movement.

They had the scope to riduce the frictiongenerated by the rolling and made easy the outflow of flour.The millstones were circled in their external part by a strong iron that ameliorated its mechanical features. A wooden loom placed in the external perimeter was used to containthe flour dispersion.

Finally the flour obtained fell in a basin placed in the bottom, in front of the basement of the millstones.
The miller collecter the dust produced with the carachteristic wooden shovel and putit clearly inside the sacks of cordage and lute.

The earning of themiller called the “molenda” was calculated, considering the eventual diminution during the process, with a parameter oscillating around the 5 per cent of the milled product.
In some, not so common, cases it was paid with money or exchanging other goods.

Theentire ancient art of the miller was at the same time a principally manual activity coordinated by a wit mind and a fine brain.

Mulini Pianesi

Realizzato da: Centro Documentazione Pianese
Associazione Valorizziamo Pian del Voglio


Facciata Mulino della Valle